Perhaps you want to add a bathroom to your home to increase its value and see the basement as a perfect choice? Or possibly you are renting out your basement to another person and adding a bathroom to this rental space?
Regardless of your reasons, basement bathrooms are a bit different than their aboveground siblings. Venting basement bathrooms can be distinct because they lack the ventilation and infrastructure of aboveground bathrooms.
This article will show how to vent a basement bathroom whether you have outside access or not and how much this process can cost you.
Does a Basement Bathroom Need a Vent?
Yes, every bathroom should be ventilated. Ventilation is necessary to eliminate excess moisture in your bathroom, which is a common cause of mold. Ventilation also helps fight against bathroom odors.
Besides protecting your bathroom and keeping it fresh, proper bathroom ventilation is usually required under international building codes. So venting your basement bathroom can be costly and challenging upfront but can save you money by fighting mold and keeping you out of trouble with code compliance.
How Much Does it Cost to Vent a Basement Bathroom?
The cost of adding ventilation to a basement bathroom will depend on how furnished your basement is.
If your basement has been fully roughed in and all ventilation holes, piping, and wiring are complete, your cost will be reduced.
Venting a finished basement bathroom will be similar in price to venting any other bathroom and will cost you around 300 to 400 dollars.
If your bathroom is unfinished, your price will go up two to three hundred dollars, depending on how much additional work needs to be done.
How to Vent a Basement Bathroom With Outside Access
Create a Wall Vent
If one of your bathroom walls is connected to an exterior wall, this will be the easiest solution. You can simply drill a hole through your wall and install an exhaust fan.
This method of installation is just like venting an aboveground bathroom. Venting through a wall is relatively easy and inexpensive. Though venting through a wall does have some drawbacks.
The vent must be placed high enough for proper clearance to the outside. And by creating a wall vent in your basement, you may be affecting the insulation and foundation of your home’s first floor.
Use a Window
If your basement already has windows, then this is a great option. Often windows in the basement are small and high up and can be converted into great ventilation points.
Some local regions even consider having a bathroom window as proper ventilation. If that is the case for you, then using a preexisting window can be the least expensive option available to vent a basement bathroom.
The issue with venting through a window is if your bathroom does not have one, then creating a window to use for ventilation can be a costly labor-intensive process, and a window by itself will never be as effective as an exhaust fan.
Vent Through a Ceiling
Venting through a basement ceiling which is actually the floor of your first floor, is a popular option. Some builders create a vent with ductwork that extends from the basement to the attic.
If your home has extensive ductwork, it will simply be a matter of installing an exhaust fan in your bathroom’s ceiling and connecting all the ductwork.
The main issue with using this method is with all that additional ductwork, and you are opening yourself up to a greater chance of condensation and water leaking from your fan.
How to Vent a Basement Bathroom With No Outside Access
Vent Through The Joist
This method is similar to venting through the ceiling. But instead of using an extensive ductwork system, you would cut a hole in the first-floor joist cavity in order to vent your bathroom air outside. This is an effective way to ventilate the air in your basement bathroom and is not too expensive.
The problem with venting through this joist cavity is the difficulty of the installation. Floor joist cavities are tight, cramped spaces that are hard to work in. You also may have to deal with pipes or other obstructions that you’ll have to work around in order to get your ductwork through.
Dryer Exhaust Vent
This is the type of measure you should use as a last resort. It is possible to connect your exhaust fan to a dryer exhaust vent and use a valve or damper to keep the dryer air and bathroom air separate.
You should not use this method if you have a shower due to a possible fire hazard. You should also consult your local building codes before attempting to use the dryer’s exhaust to vent your basement bathroom because it is against code in some areas.
Use a Ductless Bathroom Fan
Using a ductless bathroom fan may not be the most effective form of ventilation, but your choices are limited when you have no easy outside access.
Ductless bathroom fans require no installation. Just simply plug the fan in, and you’re ready to go. Ductless bathroom fans use a charcoal filtering system and are great at removing odors from your bathroom.
The issue with ductless fans is that they are not good at removing moisture, so if you have anything more than a toilet in your basement bathroom, then they are not a good option.
Yes, adding a bathroom to any part of your home will give it increased value. Even installing a half bathroom will increase the value of your home. Adding a full bathroom can increase your home resale value anywhere from 30,000 to 50,000 dollars.
This will depend on your skill level and your knowledge of local building codes. Also, if your basement is more finished or roughed in, you will have an easier time venting your basement bathroom. If your basement is far from finished and you have no idea what the local building codes are, you may be best off hiring a professional.